The official opening of the Congress by Prof.
Zsolt Radák, dean and Prof. István Berkes vice dean for Science.
Catherine E. Karsten Forberg Denmark : New knowledge of fitness and its relations to health and learning outcomes Dr. Karsten Froberg Members: Dr. Rudolf Mihalik, Dr. Anikó Pósa Main Building, Room 40 Opening presentation: Zoltán Heckel: Muscle damage and recovery following two weeks of eccentric-concentric knee extensor training in young versus old humans Ph.
Student Bartha Kincső: Influence of muscle activation level and stored elastic energy on positive mechanical work Mariann Mravcsik: Co-activation of flexor-extensor muscle pairs during cycling arm movements Gábor Montvai, Péter Kőrösi: The effect of homologous muscle stretching on the regulation of contralateral muscle contraction Tamás Dobronyi, Julianna Király: The Evaluation of Familiarization for Bicycle Ergometer in Anaerobic Tests Exercise Physiology Chair: Dr.
Dong-Ho Han Members: Dr. Higuchi Mitsuru, Dr. Andor Molnár Main Building, Room 40 Lise Søndergård Thomsen: Effect of whey protein hydrolysate on adaptation to endurance training in well-trained runners Anne Kær Thorsen: Acute effects of aerobic exercise on inhibitory control and brain-derived neurotrophic factor in young adults aged years: preliminary results Szabó E, Presentation of type 2 diabetes N.
Gyöngyi Szabó Földesiné Members: Dr. Gábor Géczi, Dr. Caterina Casey Members: Dr. László Balogh, Dr. József Tihanyi Members: Dr. Bert Taylor Members: Dr. Higashida Higuchi, Dr. Csaba Nyakas Research Institute of Sport Sciences, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary : Life-long exercise and the functional cognitive capacity of the brain Exercise physiology and exercise medicine by nature serve prevention, rehabilitation, and also healthy aging which is becoming a presentation of type 2 diabetes demanding need.
To increase functional capacity of the brain in aged individuals long-term exercise and sport of moderate intensity merit consideration. Using animal model, the life-long L-L moderate intensity exercise training was introduced from young adult age and kept regularly up to 24 months of age the human equivalent of that age is around 70 years.
At the old age of 24 months cognitive functions like attention and spatial learning were studied.
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As the background brain functional reserve the cholinergic brain, neurotrophic factors BDNFneurogenesis and the markers of neuronal bioenergy capacity glucose transporter 1, MAPK and Akt phosphorylation were followed. The results showed that the L-L exercise improved attention and spatial learning, attenuated the decline of hippocampal cholinergic capability and also that of neurogenesis.
The concentration of brain derived neurotrophic factor BDNF increased, and the expression of diabetes készítmények kezelése glucose transporter 1 did the same in the hippocampus.
MAPK and Akt phosphorylation markedly enhanced. Thus, the most support of L-L exercise could be obtained in the energetic cellular reserve of neurons of aged rats compared to the sedentary controls.
The concept is supported that continuous exercise preferably throughout the entire lifespan is preventive and supportive on the healthy brain aging condition. Results: One exercise bout induced a PGC-1α-mediated downregulation of glycogenolytic-glycolytic enzymes with a slowing of muscle glycogenolysis.
Conclusion: Exercise downregulates muscle glycogenolysis prior to an increase in mitochondria or change in fiber type.
Significance: Rapid downregulation of the glycogenolytic-glycolytic pathway resulting in glycogen sparing is a previously unknown function of exercise and PGC-1α Abstract: Endurance exercise training can induce large increases in the ability to perform prolonged strenuous exercise. The major adaptation responsible for this increase in endurance is an increase in muscle mitochondria. This adaptation occurs too slowly to provide a survival advantage when there is a sudden change in the environment that necessitates vigorous, prolonged exercise.
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In the present study, we discovered another, more rapid adaptation, a downregulation of expression of the glycogenolytic and glycolytic enzymes in muscle that mediates a slowing of muscle glycogen depletion and lactic acid accumulation.
This adaptation, which appears to be induced by PGC-1α, occurs in response to a single exercise bout and is further enhanced by two additional daily exercise bouts.
The presentations aimed to give an insight into the scientific work of Semmelweis University from the beginnings up to the present day including the direction of research in the future. The event was opened by dr.
It is biologically significant, because glycogen depletion and lactic acid accumulation are two of the major causes of muscle fatigue and exhaustion. Kazuhiko Higashida1, Dr. Although most of fat in the body is stored in subcutaneous and abdominal adipose tissue, small amount of fat is also stored in skeletal muscle as lipid droplet.
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Endurance exercise training increases lipolytic capacity and presentation of type 2 diabetes utilization in skeletal muscles. This adaptation results from upregulation of proteins involved in lipolysis, such as adipose triglycerol lipase ATGLhormone sensitive lipase HSL and perilipin 5.
However, the molecular mechanisms of how exercise modulates lipid-associated proteins are unclear. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to elucidate the mechanisms underlying endurance exercise-induced lipid-associated proteins in rat skeletal muscles.
Diabetes mellitus és obesitas
However, there was no significant increase in these proteins in soleus muscle. Phospho-AMPK protein content in epitrochlearis muscle significantly increased immediately after swimming exercise, but not in soleus muscle.
These results led us to hypothesize that AMPK is involved in exercise-induced increases in lipid droplet-associated proteins in skeletal muscle. Incubation with 0. Finally, we examined the effect of very high intensity exercise training on lipid droplet-associated proteins in skeletal muscle, since high intensity exercise has a greater effect on AMPK activation than endurance exercise.